Everyone who has ever been to the doctor has had their blood pressure (BP) checked. Without this you wouldn’t be able to live. The blood could not circulate though out the body and carry oxygen to your vital organs. One in every five Americans has hypertension!
You can live for many years with high blood pressure without seeing or feeling any symptoms. This is why hypertension is often nick named, “the silent killer.” Even though you are not showing any signs the disease, it is still affecting your bodily functions.
Your BP is very easy to check. A cuff is wrapped around your arm and then the cuff is pumped full of air, the air is then let out slowly and your blood then slowly can return to the artery. The nurse will count the time between the beats and how many beats in a certain amount of time. An average blood pressure is 120 over 80.
The force when your artery beats against your blood vessel walls and when your artery is at rest is your blood pressure. A high force is also known as hypertension is about 140 over 90. A low rate is considered at 90 over 60. This is when symptoms start to occur.
Understanding your blood pressure is important because there are many risks with both high and low blood pressures. With high hypertension you have a greater risk of coronary heart disease/, heart attack, and strokes and anyone can have it. It is most common to have a higher BP once you reach the age of 35, but it is not uncommon for children to have it as well.
People that are most common to have high blood pressure are middle aged to elderly. Also smokers and drinkers are proven to have elevated levels. Women who take birth control often are at risk as well. People with kidney disease, mellitus, or gout may have high hypertension as well.
Your blood pressure can change at any time. It is affected by many things from activity to stress. Other things that can affect it are diet, temperature, posture, and medications. Knowing if you already have hypertension is important, due to the fact that you may want to limit your physical activity, or watch what medications you are taking.
Your blood pressure can affect your body in many ways. Having hypertension adds a workload onto you heart. In return your heart has to pump and work much harder to carry the blood through arteries that are under great pressure. Other areas of your body may be affected as well, such as you kidney, eyes, and brain.
Hypertension can be life long, or temporary. Keeping in under control and treating it is the most important thing you can do. Starting a treatment program with your doctor is important in overcoming this disease, or keeping it under control.
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