A Comparison of Sleeping Tablets Used for Treating Insomnia

Insomnia refers to difficulty falling asleep, or staying asleep throughout the night. The incidence of this sleeping problem has increased in recent times. However, the sleeping problem is not new and has been prevalent for a long time. Fortunately today, we have sleeping tablets to treat our sleeping problems. In the past decade, the market has been swarmed by new and improved medication that serve as an effective treatment for sleeping disorders. Here we will take a look at four of the most popular sleeping pills that are used to treat insomnia.

AMBIEN/ZOLPIDEM

Ambien is a sleeping medication that belongs to a group of drugs known as non-benzodiazepines. It is also known by the name of Zolpidem and is generally considered safe and effective for the treatment of insomnia. Ambien offers results within 15 to 30 minutes of taking the medication. The main advantage of non-benzodiazepine medication is that the effect does not last for a long time. So, you will not wake up feeling tired or groggy in the morning. When you take Ambien you can get around seven to eight hours sleep and wake up feeling refreshed the next morning.

XANAX /ALPRAZOLAM

Xanax, also known as Alprazolam, is a benzodiazepine medication that is usually prescribed to treat panic attacks and anxiety disorders. But since the medication reduces brain activity, it can also be used to treat sleeping disorders. Benzodiazepine medication acts similarly to non-benzodiazepine drugs in inducing sleep. The active ingredient in Benzodiazepine medication acts on the GABA neurotransmitters which slows down the activity of neurons in the brain, allowing you to easily fall asleep at night. The medication usually provides a calming effect within 20 to 30 minutes of taking the medication.

VALIUM/ DIAZEPAM

Valium is another benzodiazepine medication that is used for the treatment of both insomnia and anxiety disorders. Also known as Diazepam, the medication is also used to treat various other health complications such as muscle spasms, alcohol withdrawal, and seizures.

ZOPICLONE

Zopiclone belongs to a group of medication called non-benzodiazepines. This medication helps you fall asleep quickly by acting on the GABA transmitters in the central nervous system. When taken before bed time, the medication allows uninterrupted sleep throughout the night. On a final note, the above sleeping medication is suitable as a short term treatment option for insomnia. According to Thomas Roth, MD, Director of the Sleep Disorders and Research Center in Detroit, sleeping tablets do not address underlying problems such as breathing disorders, restless legs syndrome, and others that can cause difficulty in getting to sleep at night. That’s why it’s important that you treat the underlying cause of your condition and don’t only rely on medication to treat your sleeping problems.

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Personal Features Concerning Benzodiazepine Abuse

Benzodiazepine is a tranquilizer kind of substance that involves Valium, Ativan, and also Xanax as the familiar brands. This is included in the listing of the most often abused prescription drugs in the USA. People using benzodiazepine without prescription are after the sedating effects, later on turning out to be addiction.

Physicians recommend this drug for a few legitimate health-related conditions, including sleeplessness, alcohol drawback, seizure control, muscle relaxation, inducing amnesia during unpleasant procedures, and also as an pain-killer before any surgery procedures. These kinds of drug act on CNS (central nervous system) and produce muscle relaxation and also sleep or sedation to diminish anxiety levels. Benzodiazepine’ abuse is partly related to its poisonous effects. These medicines are usually offered in a hospital’s emergency departments.

Chronic addiction of this may be unintentionally or even intentionally taken and also may possibly lead to an overdose. Although death seldom results from its addiction alone, taking this drug together with alcohol or any other drugs could be life-threatening. Individuals having issues in sleeping or patients with psychosis are usually also recommended with this medication.

As the drug acts around the nervous system of an individual, the patient or even the user’s mind causes sedation to the whole body as well as relaxes the muscles helping reduce a person anxiousness. These effects are classified as the typical reasons why the person who have tasted benzodiazepine often results in the addiction. Environmental factors can likewise raise the chance of benzodiazepine addiction. Several of these typical environmental influences range from the low economic status, peer pressure, and also unemployment. Even though there are many medicines that have been produced, merely Fifteen of those drugs have been authorized by the Food and Drug organization in the USA simply because of the side effects to the body with too much intake. This drug is definitely known to alter the standard functions of the human brain and affects the transmitters simply by slowing their own operations.

Small doses of these drugs may reduce the strain however, too much use and staggering intake may result to harmful effects. Several biological factors for abuse of benzodiazepine include females and also seniors group. A noted figure report concerning this drug’s abuse shows that ladies are more likely to be recommended than men; as a result women are definitely more subjected to these medications. Being an elderly aged person likewise takes the risk the addiction since physicians could inappropriately recommend this drug to seniors to treat depressive symptoms. This drug known as a depressant for central nervous system is extremely advised to be taken under a doctor’s direction simply because a benzodiazepine overdose may further result in coma, sometimes even fatality.

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Prescription Drug Addiction

One usually associates addiction with makeshift factories, illicit drug trade, smuggling, street crime and other underworld activity. Our addiction concern in the tranquil middle and upper middle class suburbs normally focuses only on teenagers who may have become captivated by the lure of illicit drugs.

Yet, our collective cultural conscience will recall that in the late sixties and early seventies, these bastions of domestic tranquility where plagued with a housewife addiction to valium. Valium, along with other benzodiazepine class drugs became the prescription drug of choice for many middle class men and women to help them deal with the anxiety which filled their lives. Soon it was discovered that addicts and addiction are not only found in the bowels of the inner city but in the heart of suburbia as well. Valium’s “little yellow pill,” found its place in popular culture through the 1966 classic hit by the Rolling Stones, “Mother’s Little Helper.” Valium’s popularity Peaked in 1978, when in that year alone Americans popped about 2.3 billion pills.

Soon benzodiazepine class drugs received a bad name, causing cautious people to shy away from their prescription and use. There was a 25 percent drop in the number of prescriptions written in the late seventies. The drug industry, in its interminable way, sought shorter-acting, non-addictive drugs to replace the household valium cure. While also benzodiazepine class drugs, the drug industry coined the term “Anxyolotic” to describe the type of drug, to remove its association with valium.

Xanax has become the most popular of these “Anxyolytic” drug designed to treat the malaise of modern life. Yet, Xanax, Niravam, and, in fact, most other psychiatric drugs fail to be non-addictive, creating yet a new class of addiction and addicts to follow in the footsteps of the “valium housewife.”

Alprazolam, Xanax’s chemical generic name was first synthesized in 1969. A psychiatrist, Dr. David Sheehan, found that Alprazolam was successful in treating panic disorder and Upjohn (now Pfizer) soon marketed the drug for that disorder, making a distinction from generalized anxiety disorder.

Xanax affects the neurotransmitter in the brain, GABA, gamma amino butyric acid. GABA is a natural occurring tranquilizer, present at approximately 80% of the nerve connections in the brain. When an individual becomes anxious or nervous, the brain releases GABA causing negatively charged chlorine atoms to stream into nerve cells, making it harder for other stimulating neurotransmitters to trigger the firing of that nerve. In effect, allowing an individual to calm down.

Xanax and other benzodiazepine class drugs cause the GABA that is present to work strongly, augmenting their performance. Many people initially develop a tolerance to Xanax after the first few weeks of use. This occurs because the body’s responds to the introduction of the drug in two ways. Recognizing the calmer environment the brain releases less GABA. In addition, the liver, which is responsible for eliminating the Xanax (and all other foreign toxins), through the production of an enzyme, will increase the production of the enzyme that destroys Xanax.

This cycle is what causes physical addiction. A person wishing to discontinue his use of Xanax, or any other psychiatric drug, can not do so, “cold turkey,” with out suffering sever effects of withdrawal (what the drug industry euphemistically calls “discontinuation syndrome). Immediate discontinuation of the drug will create feelings of anxiety and panic far greater than the individual experienced before ever taking the drug. This is a result of the lowered production of the GABA by the brain, and the increased production of the toxin eliminating enzymes of the liver.

It is imperative that a person wishing to discontinue his use of Xanax, or any other psychiatric drug, do so gradually, under the supervision of a trained medical professional. Sudden withdrawal from such drugs can be dangerous and even life threatening, but once one has been successfully been removed from the influence of the drug, there aren’t any known long- term effects.

Simon P. is a noted author on many subjects that matter. More info about prescription drugs and Xanax addiction.